Jhajjar
Facts & Figures
Formed on:
1977-07-15
Area covered:
1834 sq km
Population:
958405
(census 2011)
Post Code:
124103
No of Panchayats:
250
Municipality:
3
About District

Jhajjar a small town in the state of Haryana is known for its developing economy and infrastructural growth. Today it counts amongst the fast developing regions of Haryana with focus on public welfare. Previously a part of Rohtak district, it was carved out of it and became an independent one on 15th July 1997. Jhajjar has all that is required for living well. The government has invested in various areas such as building new roads, health care system, schools, woman empowerment projects, providing electricity and much more for the development of the district and also for the development of the people residing there. Beside various essential services are also available for the benefit of the people. Being a historic city, the government has taken measures to protect the historical monuments and has provided various aids to the tourism industry so that tourists visit this place more often. With all the facilities at disposal, a visit to Jhajjar would be an enriching experience for the tourists visiting the city.

History

The land of Jhajjar shows signs of early inhabitation. Various historical buildings can be seen here. During 1191 AD when there was a war between Gori and King Prithvi Raj, the area of Jhajjar was not inhabited and was a forest with no one living there. In the eastern part was a town by the name Malokan where the Jats lived and was amongst the worst affected areas due to the war. Most of the people living there relocated to different places after the war. Chajju Jat who was a resident of the village made an appeal so that rehabilitation of the village could be done. However the appeal was rejected by Emperor Gori. He ordered that the village should be rehabilitated somewhere else. Hence, the jats of Malokan came to live in the city of Jhajjar. After it got established, the city of Jhajjar had to go through a lot of political unrest in the hands of many rulers i.e. Mughal rulers, Muslim rulers and the Britishers too. While many people say that the city derived its name from the founder i.e. Chajju which was changed later to Jhajjar, many others are also of the opinion that it was derived from the natural fountain by the name Jharnagar. It was a part of Rohtak district until July 15th 1997, when it was separated from it.

Culture of Jhajjar

The culture of Jhajjar which is a part of Haryana is a mixture of Punjabi and Haryanvi culture. Here Haryanvi as well as Punjabi festivals are celebrated with equal enthusiasm. The customs of  yoga, meditation and Vedic mantras are observed by many. The language that is mostly spoken in this region is “Jatu” or ” Haryanvi”. Though the language is considered rude by many, however, it is full of honesty and simple humor. The people of Jhajjar celebrate different festivals such as Basant Panchami, Lohri, Gangore, Holi, Teej, Gudda Naumi, Janmastami, Diwali and Dusshera amongst others. Folk dance, folk music and folklore form an integral part of the culture of Jhajjar. The songs are mostly classical in nature and most of them are sung in different festivals that are held at different times of the year. The Jogis, Bhats and Saangis have taken the initiative to make the folk music popular in Jhajjar and other parts of Haryana too. During different festival traditional folk dances are also performed by the woman and men population of the region.

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