Mahendragarh
Facts & Figures
Formed on:
1948-01-01
Area covered:
1899 sq km
Population:
922088
(census 2011)
Post Code:
123029
No of Panchayats:
340
Municipality:
5
About District

The city of Mahendragarh was formerly known as Kanoud because of Kanauadia populated by Brahmins. It is said that Malik Mahadud Khan, a servant of Babar had settled. In the seventeenth century, Maratha ruler Tanti Tope built a fort here. In 1861, ruler Maharaja Narendra Singh of Patiala principality had named this fort in Mahendergarh in honor of his son Mohinder Singh. Because of the name of the fort, this town came to be known as Mahendragarh and the name of Narnaul Nizam was changed to Mahendragarh Nizam.

In 1948, the district of Mahendragarh was formed with the part of Narnaul and Mahendragarh tehsil of Patiala principality, Dadri (Charkhi Dadri) tehsil of Jind principality and the part of the Nizam of Nabha, and Narnaul was made the district headquarters. It is noteworthy that Mahendergarh district is the only district in the state, whose district headquarters is not in line with the name of the district but located in Narnaul.

Since the formation of Mahendergarh district in 1948, due to the reconstruction of the districts and the formation of new districts, the geographical boundaries of Mahendergarh have been changed many times. After making the new district of Rewari in 1989, the geographical boundaries of Mahendergarh district have changed.

Divisions

The district is divided into three sub-divisions: Narnaul, Mahendragarh and Kanina, which are further divided into five Tehsils : Narnaul, Ateli, Nangal Chaudhary, Mahendragarh, Kanina and 1 Sub Tehsil: Satnali. There are four Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Narnaul, Ateli, Nangal Chaudhary, Mahendragarh. All of these are part of Bhiwani-Mahendragarh Lok Sabha constituency.

Geographical Location

Mahendergarh district is situated at the extreme end of the south-west end of Haryana state. Its west-south borders and a large part of the eastern boundary, the Rajasthan region and the rest of the eastern boundary, along with the districts of Haryana, Rewari and northern part of Bhiwani district.

Area

The total area of ​​this district is 1899 square kilometers. In this, the total area of ​​Narnaul sub-division is 922.34 square kilometers and the total area of ​​Mahendergarh and Kanina sub-division is 976.66 square kilometers. The number of villages in Mahendergarh district is 374.

Topography

The area of ​​Mahendergarh district is dry due to its sandy and mountainous areas. Therefore, the climate here is cool in summers and hot in winter. Due to the adjoining Rajasthan border, there are strong winds and dusty storms in the district during the summer. Apart from the rainy season, there is also some rainfall in the month of February and March in the autumn.

History

The city of Mahendragarh was formerly known as Kanoud because of Kanauadia populated by Brahmins. It is said that Malik Mahadud Khan, a servant of Babar had settled. In the seventeenth century, Maratha ruler Tanti Tope built a fort here. In 1861, ruler Maharaja Narendra Singh of Patiala principality had named this fort in Mahendergarh in honor of his son Mohinder Singh. Because of the name of the fort, this town came to be known as Mahendragarh and the name of Narnaul Nizam was changed to Mahendragarh Nizam.

In 1948, with the formation of PEPSU Mahendragarh territory from Patiala State, Dadri territory (Now Charkhi Dadri) from Jind and Bawal territory from Nabha State were constituted into Mahendragarh district with the headquarters at Narnaul. At that time, there were three tehsils, namely; Narnaul, Charkhi Dadri and Bawal and Mahendragarh was a sub-tehsil. In 1949, Mahendragarh sub-tehsil was made a tehsil. In 1950, Bawal tehsil was broken up and 78 villages were transferred to Gurgaon district forming Bawal as a sub-tehsil and remaining villages were added to Narnaul and Mahendragarh.

In 1956 the Rewari tehsil (except 61 villages ) was excluded from Gurgaon district and included in Mahendragarh district. The Charkhi-Dadri sub- division was excluded from Mahendragarh district and included in the newly constituted district of Bhiwani. In 1977, 81 villages of Rewari tehsil was constituted into Bawal tehsil. In 1978 the district comprised 4 tehsils (Mahendragarh, Rewari, Narnaul and Bawal).

Rewari and Bawal tehsils (taken from Mahendragarh district) and Kosli tehsil except 10 villages (taken from Rohtak district) were constituted into a new district of Rewari as on 1st November, 1989. Presently district has 3 sub-divisions (Narnaul,Mahendragarh and Kanina), 5 tehsils (1. Narnaul, 2. Mahendragarh, 3. Nangal Chaudhary, 4. Ateli, 5. Kanina) and 1 sub-tehsil (Satnali)

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