Palwal
Facts & Figures
Formed on:
2008-08-15
Area covered:
1357.82 sq km
Population:
1042708
(census 2011)
Post Code:
121102
No of Panchayats:
237
Municipality:
About District

Palwal is the 21st district of Haryana State in northern India. Palwal city is the headquarters of this district. The city is situated at a distance of 60 kms. from Delhi on the Delhi-Mathura highway (NH-2). It is a place of great antiquity, supposed to figure in the earliest Aryan traditions under the name of Apelava, part of the Pandava kingdom of Indraprastha, which was later restored by Vikramaditya. It is believed that the city Palwal got its name from a demon, “Palwasur” who ruled this place during the reign of Pandavas. He was killed by Balarama, elder brother of Shri Krishna. In his memory, every year a festival is organised in Palwal, which is known as “Baldev Chhat Ka Mela”.

There is also a temple dedicated to Balaram near Municipal Office Chowk. Railway Station of Palwal is the place from where Mahatma Gandhi ji was arrested for the first time. A historical building “Gandhi Ashram” was made in the memory of Mahatma Gandhi.

History

Ancient times

The City Palwal got its name from a demon ‘Palawasur’ who ruled this place during the regin of Pandavas. Palwasur was killed by Balaram, elder brother of of Lord Shri Krishna. In his memory, every year a festival named “Baldev Chhat Ka Mela” is organised in Palwal. There is also a temple dedicated to Balaram near Municipal Office chowk. Railway Station of Palwal is the place from where Mahatma Gandhi ji were arrested first time. A historical building “Gandhi Ashram” was made in the memory of Mahatma Gandhi.

British Period

During the British period, Palwal was a part of the Punjab Province and a part of Gurgaon district. Many persons from Palwal participated in the 1857 revolt against the British forces. Hayat Ali and Khairat Ali were martyred along with 17 people from Palwal only. Hayat Ali after arrest from his house was taken to Delhi and hanged. All male members of his family were ordered to be hanged. Large number of arrest warrants were issued. Interestingly, Tahsildar Palwal impersonate as Bangle seller like a Political decoy, went to the house of Hayat Ali, and saved Nazeer Ali (the grandson of Hayat Ali), who was merely 2 years old, inside a basket fully covered by bangles. He then left the child in the jungles of Nageena near Palwal. Ladies from the family of Hayat Ali, followed him, took the child from jungles and with cautious ultimately reached Tijara. Amongst the 17 people who were hanged in Palwal included the son-in-law of Hayat Ali, whose name was Iradat Ali bin Rustam Ali. When British forces chased the other family members from Pinangwan. The brother of Iradat Ali from Pinangwan, namely Karamat Ali could able to survive his life and ran away to Tijara. He latterly changed his name to ‘Zamin Ali’.

Post-independence

On 15 August 1979, Gurgaon district was further divided to form a new Faridabad district, and Palwal became a part of it. Finally Palwal became the 21st district of Haryana on 15 Augest, 2008.

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